Managing Geospatial Data Using ArcGIS

Table of Contents

  1. Managing Geospatial Data Using ArcGIS
  2. Setting up Your Workspace
  3. Downloading Data from the Humboldt County Website
  4. Decompressing the files using 7zip
  5. Managing Data Using the Catalog Window
  6. Inspecting the Metadata
  7. Adding Data to ArcMap
  8. Exploring the ArcMap User Interface
  9. Adding a Second Data Frame to the Map Document
  10. Repairing Broken Links
  11. Compressing the Project Folder as a 7z file

Adding Data to ArcMap

There are several ways to add data to ArcMap. The most direct method is to drag and drop files from the Catalog Window. In this step, you will add the Humboldt County boundary to the map document. From the Catalog Window, select the Humboldt County boundary shapefile from the working folder. Click and drag the file over the data frame, the interior window pane in ArcMap, then release. The Humboldt County Boundary appears in the data frame window. The Humboldt County boundary is an example of a polygon feature.

An image of the Humboldt County Boundary added to the map
The Humboldt County Boundary layer is an example of a vector data model representing a polygon feature. Click to view the image in a larger size.

Another way to add data is to use the main menu. From the menu across the top, select File, then Add Data. When the flyout menu appears, you will see several options for adding data. In future activities, you may use each of these options. For now, select Add Data from the flyout menu.

An image of the Add data options from the File menu
The File menu provides several options for adding data.

Using the drop-down menu, navigate to your working folder and add the roads shapefile.

An image of the roads shapefile being added to ArcMap
Be sure to add the data from the working folder.

The roads in Humboldt County appear in the data frame window. The roads are an example of a linear feature.

An image of the Roads shapefile added to the map
The roads layer is an example of a vector data model representing a linear feature. Click to view the image in a larger size.

The Standard toolbar also provides a means to add data. Unlike the main menu, toolbars can be moved around, removed from view, and added back in. Currently, there are two active toolbars, the Standard toolbar, and the Tools toolbar. To demonstrate which one is which, select Customize from the main menu. Then, select Toolbars. A long list of toolbars appears. Near the bottom of the list, a check mark appears next to Standard and Tools. Uncheck the Standard toolbar, and you will see it disappear from ArcMap. Check it, and it appears again. In a typical workflow, you customize ArcMap to display the toolbars that you use the most. Under some circumstances, toolbars may appear when you switch views or activate specific tools.

An image of the Toolbars menu
ArcMap provides a wide selection of toolbars to choose from. Click to view the image in a larger size.

On the Standard toolbar, click the Add Data icon. It appears as black plus sign over a yellow diamond.

An image of the Add data icon on the Standard toolbar
The Standard toolbar contains many commonly used tools.

Using the drop-down menu, navigate to your working folder. Add the fire hydrant shapefile. The location of fire hydrants in Humboldt County appears in the data frame window. The fire hydrants are an example of a point feature.

An image of the Fire Hydrant layer added to the map
The fire hydrant layer is an example of a vector data model representing a point feature. Click to view the image in a larger size.