Working with Spatial Reference Systems

Author: Nicolas R. Malloy

Table of Contents

  1. Working with Spatial Reference Systems
  2. Geographic Coordinate Systems
  3. Converting Latitude to Miles
  4. Converting Longitude to Miles
  5. Defining a Location on a Map Using Geographic Coordinates
  6. Defining a Location Using the U.S. Public Land Survey System
  7. Defining a Location Using the State Plane Coordinate System of 1983
  8. Defining a Location Using the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) System

In this chapter, you learned that a spatial reference system defines a geographic location. Some spatial references use coordinates, and others do not. In this activity, you will learn how to identify a position on a map using the correct notation for several spatial reference systems, including the following:

  • S. public land survey system (PLSS)
  • Geographic Coordinate Systems (GCS)
  • Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) system
  • State Plane Coordinate (SPC) system

Learning Outcomes

Students who complete this tutorial should be able to:

  • Use the correct notation for spatial reference systems
  • Determine distances on a spherical Earth using a GCS
  • Define a position using a GCS
  • Define a position using PLSS
  • Define a position using SPC
  • Define a position using UTM